Indo-Iranian. Speakers of other languages are about 4% of the total population. There are several different scripts used for writing the Punjabi language, depending on the region and the dialect spoken, as well as the religion of the speaker. The word Punjabi (sometimes spelled Panjabi) has been derived from the word Panj-āb, Persian for 'Five Waters', referring to the five major eastern tributaries of the Indus River. Despite Urdu being Pakistan’s national language, people prefer to speak in their native tongues. The name of the region was introduced by the Turko-Persian conquerors of South Asia and was a translation of the Sanskrit name for the region, Panchanada, which means 'Land of the Five Rivers'. In Pakistan Punjabi is spoken by some 70 million speakers, mostly in Punjab province, but … Only few linguists are now available all across India claiming to understand various dialects such as Multani, Dogri, Hindko, Kangri, Awankari, Doabi, Malwai, Lahori, Malwai , , Baar di Boli, Bhawalpuri, Bherochi, Rathi, Pahari, Powadhi, Doabi, Chambiali, Chenavri, Chakwali, Chacchi, Dhani, Kangri, Dogri, Ghebi , Lahore-gujranwala, Wajeerawadi, Jangli, Jatki, Multani, Thalochri, Thali, Kachi , Lubanki, Hindko, Swaen , Punchi Gojri, and Pothohari/Pindiwali and Siraiki in their purest forms. Punjabi is a significant language for the Sikhs and Punjabi speaking population is one of the greatest of the Indian … The literary languages that have developed on the basis of dialects of this area are Standard Punjabi in eastern and central Punjab, Saraiki in the southwest, Hindko in the northwest, Pahari-Pothwari in the north. This dialect is similar to some extent to the Hindko dialect of Punjabi which is spoken in Peshawar, Nowshehra, Mansehra all these areas lie in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan where majority language is Pashto, but … Punjabi, being rich in literature, has gained plenty of acknowledgements in the world arena too. Languages of Pakistan Languages of Pakistan Punjabi پنجابی, ਪੰਜਾਬੀ (Pañjābī) Spoken in: Pakistan and India. Punjabi is spoken by the people of the historical region of Punjab. [5], Standard Punjabi, sometimes referred to as Majhi in India or simply Punjabi, is the most widespread and largest dialect of Punjabi. Punjabi is a language so deeply enriched with elegance that it has earned the status of eleventh most popular language of the world. About 60% of Pakistan’s population lives in Punjab and the province contributes more than 50% of the nation’s Gross Domestic Product. The most spoken language in the city of Amritsar is however, Punjabi. They were also struggling to procure political status for Hindi which would displace Urdu. The word “Punjabi” is derived from … Pakistan is the sixth-highest populated country and a home to several ancient civilizations. The Indian-Pakistani border denotes the distinction between Western Punjabi, spoken in Pakistan’s Punjab province, and Eastern Punjabi, spoken in the Indian state of Punjab. Much like English, Punjabi has moved around the world and developed local forms by integrating local vocabulary. In some ways, Punjabi is a language divided. It first developed in the 12th century and gained prominence when Sufi poets such as Shah Hussain, Bulleh Shah among others began to use the Lahore/Amritsar spoken dialect with infused Persian vocabulary in their works in the Shahmukhi script. Written in Gurmukhi and Shahmukhi scripts, the dialects of the language doesn’t have much difference between them and sound quite similar. It might no … Contrary to this, Ethnologue has come to classify Lahndi as the dialect of Punjabi spoken in all of Pakistan. Aug 19, 2016 … The city of Amritsar is situated in the Indian state of Punjab, where a large part of the people is Punjabi. Pakistan is adopting Urdu as its official language, but with many people not speaking it, the move is proving divisive, as the BBC's Ilyas Khan reports. The Dogri is spoken in many parts of Jammu, while Kashmiri is spoken only in Kashmir. The Punjabi Language is also spoken in the adjoining states of Punjab in India. Become a … Geographic distribution: Punjab: Linguistic classification: Indo-European. Punjabi is widely considered to be a `sister language` of Sindhi. Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by over 100 million native speakers worldwide, ranking as the 10th most widely spoken language in the world. only $ 480 /year. Some of the common languages are: Urdu: Urdu is the national language of Pakistan. Punjabi also spelled as Panjabi is one of the Indo-Aryan language and the official language of Punjab state, and is widely spoken and written in all it’s neighboring and a few other states.. Globally, Punjabi language is spoken by more than 100 million people and is the 10th most spoken language in the world, with the majority of its speakers in India and Pakistan. The area where Pothohari is spoken extends in the north from Kashmir to as far south as Jehlum and Gujar Khan and includes the capital of Pakistan, Islamabad. The Bagri language in the southeast is transitional to Haryanvi,[citation needed] whereas the "Lahnda" variety of Khetrani in the far west may be intermediate between Saraiki and Sindhi. They have sometimes been referred to as Greater Punjabi.[1]. Expanded PDF Digest, 64 pp. Indian Punjabis use the language Punjabi at official level and they even use it in ceremonies where as Pakistani Punjabis use the language just for the sake of … Brahui is a Dravidian language of central and east-central Baluchistan. Punjabis have been known to have inhabited the Indus Valley as far back as 2500 BC. Since Punjab is the province with the highest population, its provincial language, which is known as Punjabi, is spoken by nearly 40% of the country’s population. Urdu is not only the official language of Pakistan but also the national language of the country. Punjabi or Panjabi (پنجابی in Shahmukhi script, ਪੰਜਾਬੀ in Gurmukhi script) is a language spoken by the Punjabis of Pakistan and India. Again, as in the case of Punjabi, there was a movement for developing the written language in Persian script and increasing the usage of Pashto. Punjabi is spoken by approximately 88 million native speakers, making it the 11th most widely spoken language in the world. Historically, the Punjab region has been the gateway to the Indian subcontinent for invaders who came from Greece, Central Asia, Iran and Afghanistan. A distinctive “Diaspora Punjabi” is thus emerging. Derived from the state’s name of Punjab, its history goes back as far as 2500 years. Its speakers are spread all over the world. It … Many sources subdivide the Punjabi language into Western Punjabi or Lahndi, and Eastern Punjabi. Region: Punjab Total speakers: 88 million Ranking: 10 … Punjabi is the provincial language in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. Click to enlarge with explanation. Punjab = 5 languages (Punjabi, Seraiki, Potohari, Hindko, Urdu, Balochi) Khyber Pakhtunkhwa = 4 languages (Pashto, Hindko, Kohistani, Khowar) Balochistan = 4 languages (Balochi, Pashto, Brahui, Hazaragi) Sindh = 2 languages (Sindhi, Urdu) FATA = 1 language (Pashto) Like: 5 Talwar e Pakistan SENIOR MEMBER. Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by inhabitants of the historical Punjab region both in Pakistan and India as well as in their Diasporas. One main and several regional languages are spoken in each province. To add a feather in its cap, Pakistan is one of the few countries where 73 languages are spoken. In Pakistan, the Punjabi speaking territory spans the east-central districts of Punjab Province, ie. Punjabi is considered to be an ancient language. THE LANGUAGES OF PAKISTAN. Also spoken as minority language in: Canada, United States, United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand. One of these languages is Punjabi. Rahman, Tariq. They put a ban on this language to be spoken or taught in schools, colleges, mosques and Mandirs. Punjabi is spoken by approximately 88 million native speakers, making it the 11th most widely spoken language in the world. However, Punjabi does not have any official status in Pakistan. It also has a large presence in every district in the rest of Pakistani Punjab, and in all large cities in Pakistan's other provinces. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2018 Shrivedant Foundation (www.shrivedant.com). [6] Later the Gurmukhi script was developed based on Standard Punjabi by the Sikh Gurus.[7]. Unusually for an Indo-European language, Punjabi is tonal; the tones arose as a reinterpretation of different consonant series in terms of pitch. As there is no formal consensus over vocabulary and spelling in Punjabi, it is likely that Diaspora Punjabi will increasingly deviate from the forms found on the Indian Subcontinent in the future. The exact numbers of Punjabi speakers in Pakistan is hard to find since there are many dialects/languages, such as Seraiki, which … Punjabi is spoken by the people of the historical region of Punjab. Baba Bulleh Shah was the most famous Punjabi Sufi poet who put Saraiki language culture into the Punjabi Language. Punjabi (پنجابی) is the most widely spoken language in Pakistan. All our Expanded PDFs are included with a Standard plan. Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by inhabitants of the historical Punjab region both in Pakistan and India as well as in their Diasporas. Punjabi can be categorized as Western … While most loanwords come from Urdu, Hindi, Persian and English, Punjabi emigrants around the world have integrated terms from such languages as Spanish and Dutch. It is an important language since Punjabi is spoken by about half of Pakistanis. Punjab is the embodiment of life in Pakistan because it is the most populous province in the country. In Pakistan, Punjabi language is spoken by around 70 million souls, mostly in Punjab province. The Official Languages of Pakistan: However, only about 8% of Pakistanis speak Urdu as their first language. In fact immigrants staying at countries like Canada, USA, UK, New Zealand, Australia, and Singapore speak it much better than those living in India. But there is no region in Pakistan which can be categorised as originally Urdu-speaking. English: Official language … As Punjabi Hindus were mainly a mercantile urban middle class, they were enthusiastic users of Urdu. It is spoken by many in Pakistan, especially in the main urban centres. The literary languages that have developed on the basis of dialects of this area are Standard Punjabi in eastern and central Punjab, Saraiki in the southwest, Hindko in the northwest, Pahari-Pothwari in the north.. A distinction is usually made between Punjabi in the east and the diverse group of "Lahnda" in the west. In fact, the northern region of Pakistan alone speaks 30 languages, some of which are endangered. Grierson defined Western Punjabi as being west of a line running north-south from Montgomery and Gujranwala districts. The Sutlej-Ghaggar Plain embraces the other districts of the Punjab. The official language of Pakistan continues to be Urdu. In Pakistan Standard Punjabi dialect is not called Majhi which is Indian terminology, in Pakistan it is simply called Standard Punjabi. This is well within present day Pakistan. The exact date when it started cannot be estimated but the ancestors of the Punjabis have been known to have inhabited the Indus Valley as far back as 2500 BC. It is the 11th most widely spoken language in India, and the third most-spoken native language in the Indian Subcontinent. Punjabi Punjabi is a intercontinental language. The Punjabi dialects and languages are a series of dialects and languages spoken in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India with varying degrees of official recognition. Pakistan is a federation of four provinces in which four major languages are spoken with Urdu as our national language. who use it to converse in their own dialect, so beautifully that you are left mesmerized. In Pakistan, Punjabi language is spoken by around 70 million souls, mostly in Punjab province. There aren’t many places left in cities where you’ll find people conversing completely in Punjabi. Majority of the Pakistani Muslims can also read Arabic, as Muslims recite the Holy Quran … Your email address will not be published. The Punjabi dialects and languages are a series of dialects and languages spoken in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India with varying degrees of official recognition. The name “Punjab” means “land of five rivers” and derives from the Persian words ‘panj,’ meaning five, and ‘aab,’ meaning water. According to Ethnologue, more than 70 languages are spoken in Pakistan, out of which 66 are indigenous. In Canada, it is the fifth most-spoken native language. The sub-Shivalik strip covers the upper portion of Ropar, Hoshiarpur and Gurdaspur districts. Punjabi, which often spelled as Panjabi, is counted among the most common Indo-Aryan languages in today’s world. As in the Punjab, Urdu is the language taught in schools, and educated Pashtuns read and write Urdu. It is similar to Hindi but written in Arabic script. In the last British administered census of India the Punjabi Muslims under the sway of communal politics declared Urdu, a language spoken in UP by Hindus and Muslims, their mother tongue. The Indian Punjab is the wealthiest state in the country per capita, with most of the revenue generated from agriculture. … Physically, the state may be divided into two parts, sub Shivalik strip and Sutlej-Ghaggar Plain. Pashto is the provincial vernacular of the people of Khyber … Rawalpindi (/ ˌ r ɑː w ə l ˈ p ɪ n d i / or / r ɔː l ˈ p ɪ n d i /; Punjabi: راولپنڈى, Urdu: راولپنڈى ‎, romanized: Rāwalpiṇḍī; pronounced [/ˌrɑːwəlˈpɪndi/] ()), commonly known as Pindi (Punjabi: پݨڈى, romanized: Piṇḍi), is a city and capital of Rawalpindi Division located in the Punjab province of Pakistan.Rawalpindi is the fourth-largest city proper in Pakistan, while the larger Islamabad-Rawalpindi metropolitan area is also … Since Punjab is the province with the highest population, its provincial language, which is known as Punjabi, is spoken by nearly 40% of the country’s population. The verbs take form for future tense only and an auxiliary verb form is used for the present and the past tense. In Pakistan Punjabi is spoken by some 70 million speakers, mostly in Punjab province, but official status at both the national and the provincial level is reserved for Urdu. As spoken in both India and Pakistan, Punjabi is a language of many dialects. It is also considered to be an integral part of Indo-Aryan language family. In Amy Tsui et al., This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 07:48. Required fields are marked *. Of 213 million Pakistanis, Punjabi is spoken by 48-55% of the population. Most of the people who speak this language live in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India.It is also widely spoken in Haryana, India Himachal Pradesh, India and Delhi, India.It is spoken by the majority of the population of Pakistan. The rivers, tributaries of the Indus River, are the Beas, Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi, and Sutlej. Hindko name is derived from Hindu Kush mountains. The script used for writing Punjabi in the Punjab province of Pakistan is known as Shahmukhi (from the mouth of the Kings) which is a modified version of Persian-Nasta’liq script. “The Punjabi language has been a major language in the region comprising present Indian Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu Kashmir and the present Pakistan. Dec 30, 2014 6,278 12 9,498 Country Location. Spoken as a first language by ~44% of Pakistanis, mostly in Punjab, Pakistan as well as by a large number of people in Karachi. Majha is between Beus and Chenab and on both sides of Ravi, this part is called the heart of Punjab and cities include Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Faridkot and Ferozepur. About 70.0% of the people of Pakistan speak Punjabi as either their first or second language, and for some as their third language. It is spoken as a first language by almost 39% of Pakistanis, mostly in Punjab. "Lahnda" typically subsumes the Saraiki and Hindko varieties, with Pahari–Pothwari, Shahpuri and Jhangvi intermediate between the two groups. Other two languages Kashmiri and Dogri are regional languages and are not spoken all over J&K. $299.95. Most of the people who speak this language live in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India.It is also widely spoken in Haryana, India Himachal Pradesh, India and Delhi, India.It is spoken by the majority of the population of Pakistan. When region of Punjab is being discussed then north western part of India and north eastern part of Pakistan is being considered. See language lists, maps, statistics, and more. See language counts and details for Pakistan, plus: Profiles for every other country in the world; 7,464 profiles covering every language in use today; And more! However, the status of the official language of Punjab is reserved for Urdu. They tend to do so based on GA Grierson’s Linguistic Survey of India. It is a language that is originated from Indo-Aryan. It is linguistically intermediate between Sindhi and Punjabi. Sikhs and others in the Indian state of Punjab tend to use the Gurmukhi (from the mouth of the Gurus) script. The verbs take form for future tense only and an auxiliary verb form is used for the present and the past tense. Though number of people speaking Punjabi as a second language is relatively small, most who speak Hindi or Urdu can understand the common dialects of Punjabi without much effort. It has a significant presence in the United Arab Emirates, the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Italy, and the Netherlands. However, a vast section of the population speaks it as their second language. The Punjabi language, which Centre has ignored, is a constitutionally recognized language of India and Punjab. Hindus, and those living in neighboring states such as Haryana and Himachal Pradesh sometimes use the Devanagari script. In Pakistan-administered Jammu and Kashmir, which excludes Gilgit-Baltistan, Pahari is the main language spoken by at least three million residents. The reason for such a wide range is the debate over Saraiki. Most of the Punjab is an alluvial plain, bounded by mountains to the North. Moreover, Dogri is a dialect of Punjabi. Punjabi is the most widely spoken language in Pakistan. Downloads. Oct 7, 2017 - Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken mainly in Punjab province in Pakistan and in Punjab state in India by about 125 million people. Area of Malwa is southern Punjab facing Rajasthan and East of river Beus, cities include Ludhiana, Patiala, Ambala, Karnal, Sangrur, Malerkotla, Shahabad, and Abohar. The five rivers, now divided between India and Pakistan. [4] Nevertheless, there is disagreement on whether they form part of a single language group, with some proposed classifications placing them all within the Northwestern zone of Indo-Aryan, while others reserving this only for the western varieties, and assigning the eastern ones to the Central zone alongside Hindi. It is a mixture of Persian, Arabic and various local languages. This dialect is used for both Punjabi Films, TV and Theater industry to make Punjabi language content in Lahore. HISTORY OF THE PUNJABI LANGUAGE - ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਭਾਸ਼ਾ ਦੀ … Punjabis have been known to have inhabited the Indus Valley as far back as 2500 BC. Punjabi or Panjabi  in Gurmukhi,  پنجابی  in Shahmukhi, Pañjābī in transliteration) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken or understood by the Punjabi people in India, Pakistan and other parts of the world by over 150 million people. 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