The northern boundary of Lut to the Tabas ‘Nayband and Birjand heights’ is the eastern limit to Nusrat Abbas and in the west to Ravar and Shahdad and the southern limit to Narmashir, Reagan and Mount Bazman. Yardangs, a Turkish word meaning steep flank, are long ridges formed through wind erosion. The property has seven meteorological stations, only one of which, Ziyaratagh-e seyf, is within the property itself. Settlements are allowed only on the western part of the desert. (2014). Several issues primarily drive human footprint in Lut Desert; chief among these is the overuse of water resources. Kavir E Lut Stock Photos and Images (56) Page 1 of 1. As you can see below I am making fresh track in the sand of the Lut desert. These … One of the most surprising facts about Iran is that, despite its record temperatures, it is possible to go skiing there. The largest by population are Tehran, Razavi Khorasan, and Isfahan. • The Forum will take place from 4 to 7 September Das entspricht knapp der Fläche der gesamten USA oder etwa der 26-fachen Fläche Deutschlands. Intensive research detailing the unique relationships within this environment; Informing the public through the publication of general articles, detailed research studies, information brochures, and the launching of a website that will present and exchange information about the Lut Desert and about ways its conservation can be accomplished; Organize and participate in exhibitions, seminars, meetings, sessions, and conferences to present conservation measures that have been undertaken, and its achievements. In addition, increasing tourism (with camping, off-road activities, film production, and pollution) also threatens the Lut Desert, and result in even greater ecological destruction. 5 Helpful votes. These will be undertaken with the coordination and cooperation of relevant government agencies; Establish communication, coordination and cooperation with key governmental and non-governmental organizations for the protection and enforcement of the rules of the Desert Lut UNESCO World Heritage Site; Encourage local volunteerism in this program, and provide the necessary training at all levels of society. In addition, the highest temperature ever recorded on earth is 70.7 Celsius degrees and belongs to the Lut desert. Iran’s many geological attractions, of which the property is one of the most high profile, have been described as having large geotourism potential in the near future (Amrikazemi & Mehrpooya 2006; Yazdi et al. In the buffer zone there are 15 villages and Shahdad town with a population of nearly 6,000. Visiting Lut Desert is off limits during summer and come winter the temperature plummets below zero. Kerman neighbors Lut Desert on the north and east, Bam and Jiroft cities on the south and the cities of Ravar, Zarand, Rafsanjan and Bardesir in the west. These sand seas, which are also called ‘rigs’ or ‘ergs’, are predominantly in the east of the country, of which the Lut sand sea is the largest. Dasht-e lut in iran, the most complete collection of beautiful geomorphological phenomena of desert. A record 70.7 °C ground temperature was recorded by satellite in 2005. Israel's vaccination programme is showing signs of working to drive down infections and illness in the over-60s. Iran City Tour; Iran Sport Tours; Iran Nomad Tour; Multi Country Tour; Iran Luxury Tour; Iran Eco Tours; Iran Religious Tours See the map to the right to see the location and name of each province. It is the world's 27th -largest desert, and was inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage List on July 17, 2016. Despite its relative isolation, the property still experiences both human induced and environmental pressures. This is what you can look forward to on Secret Compass's desert traverse of Iran's Lut desert- the hottest place on earth. One of the first descriptions of Khabis is by the 10th Century scholar Estakhri, who in his book ‘Masalek ol Mamalek’ describes Khabis as a small city with water, plenty of trees and fine dates (Estakhri 1990). The yardang/kalut landforms are widely considered the best-expressed in the world in terms of extent, unbroken continuity and height. Additionally, the last decade has seen an increase in the construction of roads, as well as other infrastructure around Shahdad, in part to respond to the growing number of tourists. Various salt features are found over about 4% of the area, especially in the playa of Shurgaz-e Hamun. I have often and been … Pollution in the form of plastics and other garbage is found in many parts of the Lut Desert, causing significant destruction to the ecosystem as it remains there for a long time due to the dry climate. Parya s wrote a review Nov 2019. Most of this pollution is left behind by irresponsible visitors, but also in many cases by the local population. Desert - Desert - Population and community development and structure: Desert plants and animals have many peculiar adaptations that enable them to survive long periods of moisture shortage and to take maximal advantage of short, infrequent wet periods. Lut Desert, desert in eastern Iran that stretches about 200 miles (320 km) from northwest to southeast and is about 100 miles (160 km) wide. The city of Shahdad alone contains 5,942 people and is considered the most regionally important conurbation. (2010). lut desert population Two Days Desert Tour 2 Days Lout Desert Tour Program Certainly, Kerman's deserts have so many attractions and beauties that you can't visit all in one day. Photographs of the ephemeral lake in the Kalut region in northern part of the Lut desert in Shahdad and birds that lose their life in high salinity water in the lake because of high evaporation in the Lut desert © Mr Mobin Ebrahimi. The coasts of Makran or Makuran – as it is pronounced by the local people – is a region comprising about 1,500 km of shoreline along the Sea of Oman and the Indian Ocean, which is stretched from Iran’s Hormozgan, and Sistan-Baluchestan provinces to Pakistan’s Balochistan province. Population in Kerman. The Darband-e Ravar “wildlife refuge” in the northwest partially overlaps with the area but the Bobolab “no hunting” area in the southeast only overlaps with the buffer zone. The thumbs-up sign (a common indication of satisfaction) is … The wind also strips hard rocky outcrops bare of soil, which leaves extensive stony desert pavements (hamada) with sand-blasted faceted stones (ventifacts) across about 12% of the area. These landscape-scale processes thus directly result in unique examples of natural geological phenomena of exceptional natural beauty. Iron ore deposits have been identified within the property, but the State Party has guaranteed that no mining, oil or gas exploration will be undertaken. Furthermore, satellite data has shown that the Lut Desert has had the hottest surface temperatures in the world for two consecutive years, with the desert more broadly often being the largest contiguous area in the world with a surface temperature that can reach above 65oC (Mildrexler 2011). Die Dascht-e Lut (dascht bedeutet „Ebene, Plateau; Wüste“; lut „leer“) ist mit 166.000 km² die größte Wüste Irans. this wonderful desert that i hope that … Where sands are trapped around the lee of plants at the slightly wetter margins of the basin, nebkhas form to 12 m or more in height, arguably being the highest in the world. The property covers 2,278,012 ha and has an additional buffer zone of 1,794,137 ha. Small landforms result from the pressure effects of crystal growth, including salt polygons, tepee fractured salt crusts, small salt pingos (or blisters), salt karren and gypsum domes. Lut Desert lies between 28 and 32 degrees north latitude, 900 kilometers wide and 199,000 square kilometers. Overall precipitation levels are low as the property is in the rain shadow of several mountain ranges that surround it. We wanted to enjoy the sunrise in the Lut Desert, so our visit started very early in the morning at 5:30am. Iran’s Lut desert is home to the hottest recorded spot on the earth’s surface according to NASA’s satellite data of land surface temperature. Let us know about it, Want to be a part of CEM YPN? In order to accomplish this, the supporters of the Lut Desert NGO works with the goal of conservation and sustainable development of its unique environment. This city is the largest city of Iran with 56460 km2 area. Parya s wrote a review Nov 2019. Before the UNESCO world heritage committee session held … Lut Desert: Or Sand and Stone Desert; is located between South Khorasan, Sistan and Baluchestan and Kerman Province; where large amount of sand is always moving southward forming sand hills. Iran has several desert research stations, the closest of which is the Kerman research station, founded in 1990. Die Sahara ist mit über neun Millionen Quadratkilometern die größte Trockenwüste der Erde. Covering 14.2% of earth's land area, hot deserts are the most common type of climate on earth … magic lut desert we went to this magic desert today. Collaborative research has also been undertaken with various universities and organisations around the world, for example the Sorbonne University. These include: Ms Somayeh Zahabnazouri is currently a PhD Graduate in Physical Geography at University of Tehran. Well, that's what life is like in Iran’s Lut desert. The long duration strong winds propel 1 mm quartz sand grains at great velocity creating transportation of sediment and aeolian erosion (by sand blasting) on a colossal scale. The hyper-arid desert has been identified by NASA as the hottest place on Earth. Tabas is best known as Aroos-e Kavir (meaning the bride of desert). Vegetation within the property is very limited, both in terms of abundance and diversity. This region has been suffering from a too harsh environmental condition due to its hot, dry climate, lack of fresh water and food supply. In some cases they remain … Image of the Day for October 11, 2006. But, compared to Iran’s deserts – such as the Dasht-e Kavir (Great Salt Desert) where 50°C days are common throughout summer, or the Lut desert, home to the world’s hottest recorded temperature of 70.7°C in 2005 – Australia’s deserts pale in comparison. Several bird species are also present within the property. 2014). The inaccessibility of the property, in conjunction with the harsh environmental conditions and the relatively low human occupation mean that the site has, to some extent, a ‘self-conservation’ system. In this 2-days … Tabas has a population of 69658. Name: Kerman: Province: Kerman: population: 700,000: Summer Temperature: 28 °C to 45 °C : Winter Temperature –7°C to 18°C: … Join Lut desert tour and experience a unique Safari in the Lut desert (a World Heritage Site), the hottest place on earth. (NASA maps by Jesse Allen and Robert Simmon, using MODIS data from Mildrexler et al., 2011. It stretches about 480 kilometers (300 mi) long and 320 kilometers (200 mi) wide. Evaporite (salt) landforms are displayed in wide variety, including white salt-crusted crystalline riverbeds, salt pans (playa) with polygonally fractured crusts, pressure-induced tepee-fractured salt crusts, gypsum domes, small salt pingos (or blisters), and salt karren. The Alborz mountains, in northern Iran, have a number of high-altitude and popular ski resorts with excellent snow ideal for skiing. In addition to these notable physical features within the property, several minor landforms are interspersed throughout the property, for example sandstone tafonis, ventifact rocks and hydro-aeolian columns. The Shahdad Plain, near the western fringe of the Lut Desert, is thought to have been populated for the last seven thousand years. Instrument: Terra — ASTER. The main physical features within the property are yardangs (Kalut) and nebkhas in the west, the Yallan Sand Sea (Rig-e Yallan) in the east, the Hamada in the property’s centre and the Shur River. However, all three of the management organisations have the required financial resources and are able to apply for national and regional funds to implement their management plans. As a result, the ecosystem is susceptible to even the slightest environmental variations. Other dry-land landforms include extensive hamada (stony desert pavements or reg) usually located on pediment surfaces with wind faceted stones (ventifacts), gullied badlands and alluvial fans (bajada). Between June and October, this arid subtropical area is swept by strong winds, which transport sediment and cause aeolian erosion on a colossal scale. It is renowned for its spectacular series of landforms namely the yardangs (massive corrugated ridges) in the west of the property and the sand sea in the east. Applications to LUT's English-language Master's programmes increased by 25.9% compared to the previous year. • The Nature Generation Areas, or “Espaces Générations Nature”, will be running from 4 to 11 September”, Like to organise a CEM endorsed event? Iran’s Lut Desert is often called the hottest place on Earth—though that depends on how you’re … & Mehrpooya, A. The size of these dunes can reach above 400 metres. For example, species will look for food at night or dig tunnels so as to escape the heat of the day. Geotourism resources of Iran. Key attributes of the aesthetic values of the unspoilt property relate to the diversity and sheer scale of its landforms; a visually stunning mosaic of desert colours; and uninterrupted vistas across huge and varied dune system that transition into large flat desert pavement areas. Yardangs cover about one third of the area and are developed in consolidated lacustrine sediments (sands, silts, marls, evaporites) of mainly Plio-Pleistocene age that accumulated on the floor of the inland basin. The correlation between aridity and sparse population is complex and dynamic, varying by culture, era, and technologies; thus the use of … 2.World-first crossing on foot in 2015 . The applicants represented a total of 89 nationalities. The Lut Desert World Heritage has one Base at national level in Tehran for integrated management, three Bases at provincial centres (three provinces involved in Lut Desert Management) and eight local field Bases located in towns and villages around the Lut Desert (IUCN Consultation, 2020). It is the world’s 27th-largest desert and was inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List on July 17, 2016. The property’s conservation value unequivocally originates from its distinct geomorphological features, which led to the property already being identified as being of high potential for inscription on the World Heritage List (Goudie & Seely 2011). Within the area, only the western edge includes settlements (there being 28 villages, the largest with just over 700 people). It is perennial but highly saline by the time it enters the core zone; so its banks are devoid of riparian vegetation and its channel is lined with salt crystals. In the summer months, a steep north-south pressure gradient develops in the region, resulting in strong NNW-SSE winds blowing across the property. Kerman is located on a high margin of Kavir-e Lut (Lut Desert) in the central south of Iran. Read more. Furthermore, the property does not contain many species of economic value, and was for a long time considered as a ‘dead zone’, and thus in largely pristine condition. Share. By Somayeh Zahabnazouri, IUCN CEM Young Professional. Some species, such as the Lut Cockroach (Mantidae sp.) Legal protection and management is provided by state level authorities that work under their specific mandates. The smallest of these, Mehdi Abad Village, has only two residents, whereas hemmatabad-e Olya Village is the most populous with 772 residents. The northern boundary of Lut to the Tabas ‘Nayband and Birjand heights’ is the eastern limit to Nusrat Abbas and in the west to Ravar and Shahdad and the southern limit to Narmashir, Reagan and Mount Bazman. This region has been suffering from a too harsh environmental condition due to its hot, dry climate, lack of fresh water and food supply. The challenging abiotic conditions of the property, in conjunction with a dispersed and limited abundance of vegetation, has resulted in the property’s fauna adapting their behavioural, physiological and/or morphological characteristics. Helpful. The Lut Desert, widely referred to as Dasht-e Lut (Persian: دشت لوت , "Emptiness Plain"), is a large salt desert located in the provinces of Kerman and Sistan and Baluchestan, Iran. Sands transported by wind and washed in by intermittent streams have accumulated in the south and east, where huge sand-seas (termed rig or erg) have formed across 40% of the core zone. The plant species found within the property are all xerophytic. Lut Desert. You might also be interested in . Winter has very cold nights in Kerman. Lut Desert some are up to 155 m high and their ridges can be followed for more than 40 km. come join us, 2021 IUCN CEM Young Professionals Network, Large-scale Reforestation Projects to hit California, Pachyderm in our parlour – harmonizing the individual, species, and landscape perspectives. Dasht-e Lut is a large salt desert in southeastern Iran. & Madjnoonian, H. (2002). Zehzad, B., Kiabi, B.H. A total of 58 plant species have been recorded, spanning 32 families. For example, the nebkhaz rise up to 12 metres and sand dunes within the sand sea can reach up to 475 metres. Shahdad is the biggest city on the western edge of the Lut Desert, and several villages and caravansary are dispersed in the desert, but many of them are now abandoned or were forced to relocate due to change in environment. As well as being a trade route from east to west, the city of Khabis was instrumental in connecting the north and south of modern day Iran. Nebkhas are dunes that form around plants and grow to around 12 metres in height. Over 5,000 foreign tourists visited Lut Desert last year (ended March 20, 2019), according to Fereydoun Fa’ali. The higher levels of tourism have led to increased levels of erosion at the more easily accessible areas. The Lut Desert is situated in an interior basin surrounded by mountains, so it is in a rain shadow and, coupled with high temperatures, the climate is hyper-arid. This meteorological station shows that the property’s average monthly temperature ranges from 11.8oC in January to 38.1oC in July. The Lut Desert was the first natural heritage site in Iran to be … The nomination reports that, apart from some small private landholdings in villages in the area and buffer zone of western Lut, the majority of the land within the Lut Desert is state-owned. The Office of Deputy for Cultural Heritage of Iranian Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organisation : Headquarters of ICHHTO, Azadi St., Tehran, Iran, Box : 13445-719, Tel : (+98) 21 – 66017071-3. Collected data between 2010 and 2013 shows a steady increase in both national tourists as well as international tourists. Some others are killed during the summer storms of the Lut Desert. Lut Desert is one of the world’s driest and hottest places. 2016: Lut Desert is inscribed as a World Heritage Site under natural criteria vii and viii. The Lut Desert, also known as Dasht-e Lut, is an extreme landscape in more ways than one. Most tourists arrive at the property via Kerman, where there is an international airport, and consequently most visitor facilities are oriented in this direction, though these are outside the property. The Lut Desert, or Dasht-e-Lut, is located in the southeast of Iran. Iran City Tour; Iran Sport Tours; Iran Nomad Tour; Multi Country Tour; Iran Luxury Tour; Iran Eco Tours; Iran Religious Tours All departures are guaranteed to run if a minimum of 2 travellers is reached. This cooled lava acts as a protective shield for the more easily eroded substrate below, as such the plateau reaches a height of approximately 400 metres a.s.l. The yardangs can range from 50m to 1.5 km in width and can be up to 40km in length. These winds propel 1 mm size quartz sand grains over vast distances across the property, acting as an erosive force. World Heritage Desert Landscapes: potential priorities for the recognition of desert landscapes and geomorphological sites on the World Heritage List. stream courses and alluvial terraces. – Source: The Telegraph. • The Exhibition will be held from 4 to 9 September Lut desert or Dasht-e Lut is a large salt, emptiness plain, vast area covered with sandy hills with a complex and deceitful face that is located in the southeast of Iran and between the provinces of kerman and Sistan and Baluchistan, Iran. Estakhri, A. Archaeological excavations around Shahdad have provided a plethora of interesting objects, ranging from statues, flags, vessels and containers, as well as jewellery. Hello evry one I'm a tour guide and desert driver in lut desert olfor mor information you can text me on WhatsApp +989135794212. Three major lute events include the … Mosquito News, 31(2):199–206. 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